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Epistemic Network Analysis

Resources on Epistemic Network Analysis (ENA), the ENA webtool, and rENA

Shaffer, D., & Ruis, A. (2017). Epistemic network analysis: A worked example of theory-based learning analytics. Handbook of learning analytics.

This handbook chapter covers, among others:

  • A theory-based approach to learning analytics
  • The process by which ENA creates network models
  • Development of ENA graphs from data to visualizations
Shaffer, D. W. (2014). Formatting data for Epistemic Network Analysis. Technical Report 2014-1. Games and Professional Simulations (GAPS). Technical Report Series.

This report covers, among others:

  • Data formatting for ENA
  • Model development from data in ENA
  • Explanation of stanza
Brohinsky, J., Marquart, C., Wang, J., Ruis, A. R., & Shaffer, D. W. (2021, February). Trajectories in Epistemic Network Analysis. In International Conference on Quantitative Ethnography (pp. 106-121). Springer, Cham.

This paper covers, among others:

  • Development of ENA trajectories
  • Challenges and design decisions associated with visualizing ENA trajectory models
ENA of COVID Press Conferences

This video:

  • Compares press conferences held by Prime Minister of New Zealand Jacinda Ardern and the President of the United States Donald Trump on the novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)
  • Visualizes how ENA networks are constructed
ENA on the fly demo (Law & Order: Special Victims Unit)

This video:

  • Compares discourse of different detectives discussing a case
  • Visualizes how ENA networks are constructed
Advanced ENA Interpretations, QErious’20, workshop materials by David Williamson Shaffer

This workshop focuses on interpreting ENA models and associated results. Zip file includes: workshop slides

ENA Webtool

Intro to ENA, ICQE’20, workshop materials by Brendan Eagan, Clare Porter and Kamila Misiejuk

This workshop explores the basics of quantitative ethnography using ENA, explains the underlying theory of the ENA webtool, and discusses basic use. Zip file includes: workshop slides, dataset.

  • The theory behind ENA
  • The process by which ENA creates network models
  • Example analyses using the ENA web tool


Advanced ENA and rENA, ICQE’20, workshop materials by Zachary Swiecki, Vitomir Kovanovic and Cody Marquart

This workshop introduces using rENA and combining ENA with other methods. Zip file includes: workshop slides, workshop datasets, r code